Unit 12 Role of Public Health in Health and Social Care

Task 2

2.1 What are the current priorities for prevention and control of diseases and risk factors in the UK?

Some of the current prevention and control of diseases priorities in UK are as follows –

  • Most people used to go for a diagnosis only when any disorder actually affected or troubled those people (Munn-Giddings, 2013), hence, generally the ill-informed and neglect ridden patients, hence an active early screening program for diseases like Breast Cancer and HIV was required
  • Early HIV and Breast Cancer Testing is the gateway to both treatment and prevention
  • Patients with a diagnosis of HIV infection before moderate to severe immune-suppression occurs should plan for a normal life expectancy with effective access to antiretroviral therapy. The UK HIV epidemic continues to grow and remains marred by a high proportion of cases (50%) diagnosed at a late stage in the clinical course of the infection, and a persistent undiagnosed fraction (22% of patients living with HIV are unaware of their status)
  • Ensuring that, since every clinician can and hence they should offer patients with HIV Test in lines with national guidelines
  • Primary HIV infection should be considered, and an HIV test offered to all patients with a mononucleosis-like illness and also, All patients living with HIV infection should be encouraged to disclose their HIV status to other healthcare providers, especially their general practitioner (Rayment, 2014)
  • Universal HIV testing is recommended in all of the following settings –
  • Genitourinary medicine or sexual health clinics
  • Antenatal services
  • Termination of pregnancy services
  • Drug dependency program
  • Healthcare services for those with a diagnosis of tuberculosis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and lymphoma etc.
  • NHS Breast Screening Program provides free breast screening every three years for all women aged 50 and over
  • NHS Breast Screening Program had lowered mortality rates from breast cancer in the 55-69 age group
  • Measurement and metrics of any intervention or technological support activity going to be implemented, beforehand so as to be doubly sure and be cost, time and health benefits effective for the patients
  • Deployment and withdrawal symptoms and milestones be clearly marked and explained to all the stakeholders, for any aid associated with the or during the ongoing prognosis

2.2 What impact lifestyle choices have on future needs for health and social care services?

Impact of recent and emerging technological developments on, Health and Social Care Services-

  • Ease in implementing and fulfilment of the National Health Scheme in England
  • Proper implementing and overseeing the implementation of the clauses and lines of Health and Social Care Act 2012 of the English government
  • Fulfilling its primary responsibility and vision to have a proper Health and Social Care setup in England as per the guidelines setup by the 2012 act
  • Effective budgeting, planning, delivery and day to day operation of the NHS in England
  • Considerable impact in terms of knowledge production and in informing national and international policies
  • Various specific care mentioned being taken care of, various training, learning modules and exercises being implemented, Full trained and NVQ level 3 qualified support staff and Capability enhancement
  • Socially acceptable and compliant behaviour being imparted

Impact of lifestyle choices on, Health and Social Care Services –

  • Lifestyle choices like, Smoking, Alcoholism, Obesity, Drugs Abuse, Lesser Physical Activity, Dental Health and Teenage Pregnancy have and will have huge impact on future health and social care services (Veenhoven, 2008)
  • Services and/or interventions need to be in place to support individuals to reduce risk factors for long term conditions and should be targeted effectively at those people who are in greatest need
  • All local partners should be active in promoting healthy lifestyles and health and other professionals should be enabled to deliver consistent messages and support as part of their day to day work
  • Need to ensure that services deliver positive health outcomes and benefits to individuals as well as improving the health of local communities
  • Ensure treatment services are effective and cost compliant (Kawachi, 1997)
  • Primary prevention to ensure that the right support is in place to prevent or reduce the risk of future disease. More must be done to support children who may be at risk in the future, and a whole family approach is required to support healthier lives etc. (Wanless, 2004)

Task 3

3.1 What are the health and wellbeing priorities for people in London?

The health and well being priorities for people in London are governed by the Health and Wellbeing Strategy devised by the Health and Well being Board of the City of London. The City’s shadow Health and Wellbeing Board involves representation from the following partners-

  • Elected members of the City of London Corporation
  • Officers of the City of London Corporation, including the Director of Community and Children’s Services and the Director of Environmental Health and Public Protection
  • The Director of Public Health for City and Hackney, NHS East London and the City
  • City and Hackney Clinical Commissioning Group
  • The City Local Involvement Network
  • The City of London Police

Wellbeing is a positive physical, social and mental state is more than just an absence of illness. When a person feels well, they are more likely to value their health and do positive decision making about the way they live. Good mental wellbeing can lead to reduced risk-taking behaviour (such as excessive alcohol intake or smoking), and may improve educational attainment and work productivity (Cavill, 2001).

As per the Health and Wellbeing strategy, the people of London can take care of their health and big improvements in overall health can be achieved from following certain priorities in lifestyle-

  • Not smoking or breathing others’ smokehttps://indecissive.demojoomla.com/administrator/
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Being physically active (Stathi, 2002)
  • Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight
  • Moderating alcohol intake
  • Preventing harmful levels of sun exposure
  • Practicing safer sex
  • Attending cancer screening
  • Being safe on the roads
  • Managing Stress

Some other priorities of people are –

  • Good Life Expectancy
  • Diseases and ailments free life and lifestyle
  • Avoiding conditions that can lead to death (fewer death from avoidable conditions)
  • Lesser poverty and economic sustainability with lesser mortality rates all across (Morris, 2000)
  • Good overall education attainment
  • Lesser unemployment (Coleman, 2014). Order Now

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