Unit 10 : Safeguarding in Health and Social Care-Btechnd
TASK 1 Article Review
Q1 Explain why particular individuals and groups may be vulnerable to abuse or harm to self and others.
A particular individual and a group may be vulnerable to abuse or harm to self and others because these people are dependent or need help of others to complete their daily routine tasks. These are the people who are under a continuous vigilance of care-workers as they may hurt themselves or others. A set of individuals is vulnerable to abuse because they are not able enough to safeguard themselves from the actions of the care-workers. They are being abused by people who understand this fact and try to take advantage from these people.
There are different categories of persons and groups who are vulnerable to abuse. It is mainly divided into 4 different categories. The first category is of “vulnerable individuals”, which consists of elderly people or the small kids who suffer from any kind of mental or physical disability (Baldock et al, 2011). This category also consists of people who are homeless, addicted to drugs etc. The second group consists of “vulnerable groups”, which consists of people from specific religion like Jews or the group of people who are brought to some place with force like jail. In jail the individuals (prisoners) are vulnerable to abuse by the jailors or the other officials of the jail. There are a number of researches going on people suffering from mental disorders and hence all the patients are vulnerable to abuse, if their privacy is not maintained in a proper way. It is the duty of the research team to ensure that the confidentiality and privacy of the patients will be maintained properly. Explore solution of Unit 14 Employability skills and professional Development Assignment
Abuse, harm or danger are the terms which are interrelated to each other. Abuse is defined as an inappropriate action which is repeated by a trustworthy person again and again. Due to such action, the victim faces a lot of psychological strain tension (Curtis, 2012). The impact of the abuse depends on the kind and intensity of the abuse. In some cases the level of abuse is so high that the victim is forced to harm himself or others in order to overcome the tension caused by it. Self-harm or self-injury is the easiest ways for them to overcome the problem as it helps them to get relief from the internal agony and anxiety. Self-harm can be in any form like the extreme step of suicide which causes an immediate effect on the body or like excessive smoking or drinking which causes harm to an individual in the long run. Both the kinds of the abuse are dangerous for the patient, but it is the only way through which they can express the pain or stress which they are facing of faced.
Response to the abuse including harm to self should be very calmly and patiently dealt with. Usually there is always a need of emotional support to these kind of people. It is very important to be in touch with these people and to make sure that they are busy in some creative work so that they do not get time to think to harm themselves. A regular contact also gives them emotional support and confidence that there is someone to protect and safeguard them. It is very important to handle these patients with love, affection and care (Green et al, 2011).
In the scenario given, it can be seen that the patient is an aged person who is suffering from the neurodegenerative disease. Being an old patient with such a disease, she needed a lot of care and support from the care-worker. Hence, there is always a need of person who can take care of her. It is very important that the care workers should be reliable enough on whom the responsibility of the patient can be left upon. Hence as per the discussion above, the person in the scenario falls under the category of “vulnerable individual” as she is an elderly individual who needed supporting living all the time.
Q2 Using the article above review the risk factors associated with the incidence of abuse and /harm to self and others.
There are different kinds of risk factors associated which cause the cases of abuse and harm. There are certain factors on which the risk factors are dependent. For example, the risk factors will vary for aged people and for children. From the case scenario above, the risk factor associated with the abuse and harm to self and others will be one which will be related to the aged people. The aged people are incapable of doing their duties and tasks on their own and hence due to this reason they need someone who can take care of them and assist them to doing their daily activities. The main reason of abuse in these cases are due to the fact that the care taker is not patient enough to handle these patients (Johansson et al, 2002). The care takers used to get irritated with the number of demands of the aged people which ultimately lead to abuse. In the scenario given too, the care worker is sure that the aged will not be able to identify the reason of money getting disappeared from her pocket. The act of the care worker completely disturbed the patient and hence she will not be able to trust anyone else as the care worker. Similarly for children there are number of risk factors like stress in the parent’s relationship, joint families with large number of people, violent nature of the parents or the personality of child itself.
The various risk factors associated with the incidence of abuse and harm to self and others can be categorized as below:
From the above table it is clear that there are different groups of risk factors and hence these various risk factors causes different abuses and harms. The risk factors are mainly categorized under Social and Cultural factors. The social factors are like poverty and unemployment. Those who are poor and do not have money are ill-treated by others. The next factor is health. As mentioned earlier the patients or the old aged people those who are not able to take care of their own are vulnerable to abuse (Leathard, 2013). The next factor is social isolation. It leads to abuse because individuals who are socially isolated do not have the required emotional factor. The other social reason for abuse can be housing. If the aged people in the family are dependent on other younger members for money, they can be abused as and when ask for some money.
The cultural factors are like ethnicity. This includes the usage of products like drugs or alcohol, which causes harm to the body but due to the culture and status, individuals consume these products and harm their body. The next cultural factor is discrimination which can be based on any factor like sex, colour or race. The other cultural factor is religion. The religion in which the number of individuals is less are more vulnerable to the abuse.
The different risk factors causes different kinds of abuses. The most common abuse is physical abuse and the other abuses are like intellectual abuse and sexual abuse (Levin, 2004). The next is isolation. When an individual, is completely left all alone, he is more vulnerable to the abuse. Different types of abuses are associated with the different to types of harms and self-injuries.
The above figure clearly indicates that how different categories of the risk factors are associated with the different kind of abuses. For example the risk factor housing which falls under the category of social abuse causes physical abuse within the family. For example a son can beat his father on asking money. The other factor poverty leads to self-injury and usually suicide. Similarly the cultural factor discrimination causes the emotional abuse for the individuals. Order Now