Theories in Exercise Psychology
It is important to note a number of theories underpin the above psychological interventions. For example, the social cognitive theory fundamentally known as the self-efficacy model stipulates that any exercise of psychological intervention is influenced by both the external stimuli and the human cognition. The external stimuli refer to factors such as social pressures, personal responsibilities, and work schedules. On the other hand, the human cognition reflects aspects like attitudes, beliefs, intentions, and expectations. This means that the client, in this case, may intend to be physically active to attain recovery and emotional stability as a result of the PTSD condition, but fail to do so due to external conditions [external stimuli] like experiences and social pressures. The self-efficacy and self-cognitive theory explain how individuals and patients form perceptions about their ability to undertake specific activities and to focus on specific behaviors. This means that the practitioner or the therapist will organize, develop, and present their psychological intervention program in a manner that aims to cultivate efficacy beliefs and values to the patient (Anshel, 2006). Hence, the psychological intervention programs will be designed to increase the participant’s positive perception – so that she is enchanted and motivated to continue with both the cognitive behavioral and the dialectical behaviors therapies.