Maddox Smith Staff asked 4 years ago

Ethical and bias issues

The ethical issues faced by individuals while conducting secondary research revolve around the harm that may ensue to the individual subjects and the factor of consent. It is unethical to use data about individuals in the secondary research when such data contains identifying information of such individuals without their consent. Another important issue faced by individuals while conducting secondary research is irrelevant, inadequate or excessive data. The original data may have been collected for a purpose that is not identical to the purpose of which that individual is using such data and these results in inadequate, irrelevant or excessive data.

Specific methods should be followed to eradicate the ethical and bias issues faced by individuals in the process of carrying out secondary research. When using data about individuals in secondary research the individual conducting such research should make the identifying information of such individuals anonymous by using pseudonyms, aggregations or replacements. This process is known as anonymisation. An archive containing all the removals, replacements and aggregations should be made separately and recorded. When it is unavoidable to exclude all identifying data related to the individual subjects the secondary researcher has to take the consent of every such individual, the identifying data of whom is used in the secondary research. When such consent is impossible to be taken, the secondary researcher must make sure that such individual participant’s privacy, as well as the confidentiality of such data, will be protected. Upon being able to convince the ethical board of such reassurance, the secondary researcher may request the board to waive such need for consent. Incorporation of acknowledgment of original data in the secondary research should be effected to avoid issues of plagiarism.

Research Timetable

MonthsMonth -1Month – 2Month – 3Month – 4
 

Weeks/ Tasks

 

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W2

 

W3

 

W4

 

W1

 

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W4

 

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W4

Literature review

 

                
Developing research objectives & aim; questions                
Deciding the research methods (secondary)                
Drafting the proposal                
Submitting the proposal                
Literature review                
Data analysis                
Obtaining feedback from the professor                
Drafting the dissertation                
Submitting the dissertation                

 Ethical And Bias Issues

Reflection

Working on the proposal has provided me with the chance of widening my knowledge in terms of carrying out extensive research. I have improved my skills and sharpened my knowledge on the chosen area, i.e., smoking cessation. I became aware of the various ill effects of smoking as well as the effects it has on the people around the smokers by way of passive smoking. I came to know about various organizations and charities that help smoking addicts get rid of their addiction as well as help those who have contracted diseases directly related to their smoking habit. I became aware of support groups that support smokers in giving up smoking. I also came to know a few ways by which chain-smokers can get rid of their smoking addiction. The next time I would like to incorporate some original research in my project and not depend on only the secondary research procedure. I would also like to consult more sources about the subject of my project the next time. I collect some relevant information from the library such as books, magazines etc. I have also come to know that the ill effect of smoking, affects the young generation in the society especially from 0 to 19 years at England. While carrying out the proposal, I also came to know about the smoking bad effects for not only for the young generation but also for the old generation. Moreover, I also came to know the bad effects from smoking that is respiratory problem, lungs problem and even cause to death. This study helped me to gather a lot of information regarding the smoking problem.

 Reference list

Dadhich, P., Genovese, A., Kumar, N. and Acquaye, A., 2015. Developing sustainable supply chains in the UK construction industry: a case study. International Journal of Production Economics, 164, pp.271-284.

Frost, J.E., 2015. Recruitment and Retention: The Influence of General Music Teachers Methodology on Secondary Music Ensembles (Doctoral dissertation, University of Toledo).

Lu, Y., Chen, B., Hayat, T. and Alsaedi, A., 2015. Communal carbon metabolism: methodology and case study. Journal of Cleaner Production.

Mamaril, C.B.C., Mays, G.P. and Branham, K., 2015. Overview of the Cost-Estimation (CE) Methodology for Providing Foundational Public Health Services (FPHS) and a Summary of Preliminary Results from Pre-Testing the FPHS CE Data Collection Instrument in Kentucky and Ohio.

Maziak, W., Jawad, M., Jawad, S., Ward, K.D., Eissenberg, T. and Asfar, T., 2015. Interventions for waterpipe smoking cessation. The Cochrane Library.

Shahab, L., Brose, L.S. and West, R., 2013. Novel delivery systems for nicotine replacement therapy as an aid to smoking cessation and for harm reduction: rationale, and evidence for advantages over existing systems. CNS drugs, 27(12), pp.1007-1019.

Spohr, S.A., Nandy, R., Gandhiraj, D., Vemulapalli, A., Anne, S. and Walters, S.T., 2015. Efficacy of SMS text message interventions for smoking cessation: a meta-analysis. Journal of substance abuse treatment, 56, pp.1-10.

Stead, L.F., Buitrago, D., Preciado, N., Sanchez, G., Hartmann‐Boyce, J. and Lancaster, T., 2013. Physician advice for smoking cessation. The Cochrane Library.

Thangamani, D., 2015. Systematic Methodology for Improving the Resource Efficiency in Manufacturing Industries (Doctoral dissertation, University of Dayton).

US Department of Health and Human Services, 2014. The health consequences of smoking—50 years of progress: a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 17.