Health Promotion and Nurse
The concept of health has been changed over the time from the period, while Florence Nightingale has defined ‘Health’ as absence of disease and illness. In this period, World Health Organisation has depicted health as an indicator of complete physical, mental as well as social well being. In this case, social determinant of health has major impact over the people well fare. Following essay will emphasise the major three aspect of social health determinant based on health initiatives regarding ‘Aboriginal Males Shedding the Smokes’.
The project will establish a socially attractive gathering space, a Male Health Shed. This shed will be dedicated to the Aboriginal social, art as well as cultural activities. The main objective of this program is to promote smoking session and preventive health.
Description of broad social determinant of health within the community
In the current environment, nursing practices are focused on public health, which is prioritising on preventive care as well as health promotion. It is evident that risk of illness is evident in the poorer countries than the richest countries. Between the countries, these differences are occurred based on the factor of social injustice. In this case, the major social determinant factors have impact within the community towards the angle of social and physiological environment.
Issues of unemployment, job insecurity, income and proper education are significant health determinant factor. Hence as commented by Badland et al., (2014), dangers of social exclusion are significant part of these social determinants. Poor social and the economic circumstances can create impact on the entire life. Social determinant factors are often reflecting the anxiety, material disadvantage, and lack of social integration and well as insecurity.
The selected project has prioritised the Aboriginal’s health, where the comprehensive tobacco prevention and control effect includes the implementation of media campaigns, smoke free laws. The government has also ensured that evidence based cessation treatment for reducing the smoking use in the Aboriginal community. As commented by Castañeda et al., (2015) if these initiative steps are not implemented in equitable manner certain population group can cause disparities in the use of tobacco.
Social disadvantage and Tobacco use is closely related. It is evident that the long term smokers will die due to smoking. In this case, experiencing social disadvantages increase the risk of being a regular smoker. Badland et al., (2014) commented that smoking related disease impacts on the quality of life. The impact of the poverty is exacerbated by the impact of Tobacco. It covers the essential component of life such as food, clothing as well as accommodation.
As commented by Alley et al., (2016), coherent action across the government portfolio such as education, finance, transport and employment is necessary for influencing the poverty, education and housing. These factors can display the status of low social capital and the low control within work environment. In this case, Tobacco advertising also eradicated in the Australia. Therefore, reduction in the smoking prevalence is the result of various Australian comprehensive tobacco programs.
Another determinant is daily living conditions, where the above determinant factors creates a process of social stratifications, which results in the unequal distribution of economic resource, power and prestige. It is evident that early childhood education is the critical factor in childhood development. This education also affects the risk of malnutrition, obesity, heart disease, mental health issues and the criminality in future life. Therefore, Educati0onal attainment is a social determinant of health in the chosen program.
Influence of social determents of health on the planning and development of health promotion
It is clear that, smoking rates for Victorians are highest in case of Aboriginal community. The age adjusted rate of daily smoking for the indigenous Australia is double for the non indigenous. The impact of improper education, income and other factors has been discussed earlier. These factors have created impact on the children life. As per the current data, prevalence of smoking is high between the ages of 12 to 17(vichealth.vic.gov.au, 2014). Therefore, government has used proper structured model to initiate the program.
As commented by Durkalec et al., (2015), greater equity may lead to longer life expectancy. Therefore, in the current healthcare program initiatives, government will try to reduce the barrier in inequality, which is evident on education, income and employment. Aboriginal people have not proper access to healthcare services, where the current project will reduce the gap between the non-indigenous as well as indigenous community.
In this case, social determinant of health has major impact over the people well fare. In order to understand the impact of social determinants within it, the project of Aboriginal Males Shedding the Smokes’ have been discussed. It has been understood that the primary plan of this initiative program is to provide Aboriginal males with brief intervention, multi-faceted holistic tobacco cessation program, and health education.
In this case, major three determinants are social disadvantage and smoking, Daily living conditions and socioeconomic, political and cultural factors. It has been discussed that these factors are influencing the inequities in smoking. In the project planning, the government has prioritised about the Aboriginal male, who can be a role model to influence cessation of smoking within the wider community. Therefore, government has addressed the social determinants properly to resolve the following issue.