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Health and Safety in the Health and Social Care Workplace

Edexcel BTEC Levels 4 and 5 Higher Nationals in Health and Social Care
Unit Title:  Health and Safety in the Health and Social Care WorkplaceUnit  Code:

K/601/1569

Date Issued:

21/7/2014 

Student Name:

 

Student ID:Due Date
Module Leader

 

Precious Bembridge

Internal Verifiers Name: St-Patrick’s College  IV Board

Rules and regulations:

Plagiarism is presenting somebody else’s work as your own. It includes: copying information directly from the Web or books without referencing the material; submitting joint coursework as an individual effort; copying another student’s coursework; stealing coursework from another student and submitting it as your own work.  Suspected plagiarism will be investigated and if found to have occurred will be dealt with according to the procedures set down by the College. Please see your student handbook for further details of what is / isn’t plagiarism.

Coursework Regulations

  • You are required to submit your coursework on-line through online e-learning system http://stponline.co.uk.Detailed information about this is available in the student handbook submission.
  • Details of submission procedures and penalty fees can be obtained from Academic Administration or the general student handbook.
  • Late coursework will be accepted by Academic Admin Office and marked according to the guidelines given in your Student Handbook for this year.
  • If you need an extension (even for one day) for a valid reason, you must request one, using a coursework extension request form available from the Academic Admin Office. Do not ask the lecturers responsible for the course – they are not authorised to award an extension. The completed form must be accompanied by evidence such as a medical certificate in the event of you being sick.
  • General guidelines for submission of coursework:
  1. All work must be word-processed and must be of “good” standard.
  2. Document margins shall not be more than 2.5cm or less than 1.5cm
  3. Font size in the range of 11 to 14 points distributed to including headings and body text. Preferred typeface to be of a common standard such as Arial or Times New Roman for the main text.
  4. Any computer files generated such as program code (software), graphic files that form part of the course work must be submitted either online with the documentation.
  5. The copy of the course work submitted may not be returned to you after marking and you are advised to have your personal copy for your reference.
  6. All work completed, including any software constructed may not be used for any purpose other than the purpose of intended study without prior written permission from St Patrick’s International College environment.

Outcomes and assessment requirements

 OutcomesAssessment requirements
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:To achieve each outcome a learner must demonstrate the ability to:
LO1.

Understand how health and safety legislation is implemented in the health and social care workplace

1.1 Review systems, policies and procedures for communicating information on health and social care workplace in accordance with legislative requirements.
1.2 Assess the responsibilities in a specific health and social care work place for the management of health and safety in relation to organizational structure.
1.3 Analyse health and safety priorities appropriate for a specific health and social care work place
LO2.Understand the ways in which health and safety

requirements impact on

customers and the work of practitioners in the health and social care workplace

2.1 Analyse how information from risk assessments informs care planning for individuals and organizational decision making about policies and procedures.
2.2 Analyse the impact of one aspect of health and safety policy on health and social care practice and its customers.
2.3 Discuss how dilemmas encountered in relation to implementing systems and policies for health, safety and security may be addressed.
2.4 Analyse the effects of non-compliance with health and safety legislation in a health and social care work place.
LO3.

Understand the monitoring

and review of health and

safety in the health and social care workplace

3.1 Explain how health and safety policies and practices are monitored and reviewed.
3.2 Analyse the effectiveness of health and safety policies and practices in the workplace in promoting a positive health and safety culture.
3.3 Evaluate own contribution to placing the health and safety needs of individuals at the Centre of practice.

Background Info – Summative assessment to be handed in on 11.4.2014  

By using relevant materials from any reliable/authorized source attempt the questions below.

Description of problem to be solved

Using the Case provided (See appendixes) Write an essay of 3000 words (bearing in mind the three learning outcomes) and demonstrate how you can communicate effectively health and safety policies and procedures, legislations, responsibilities and culture using  once own work place experience or health and social care organisation of your choice. For example Staffordshire NHS Trust and Birmingham City

  1.  Understand how and safety legislation is implemented in the health and social care workplace. (1.1, 1.2 & 1.3). Total word count 1000
  1. Understand the ways in which health and safety requirements impact on customers and the work of practitioners in the health and social care workplace. (2.1, 2.2, 2.3 & 2.4). Total Word Count 1000
  1. Understand the monitoring and review of health and safety in the health and social care workplace. (3.1, 3.2 & 3.3). Total Word Count 1000

Note the Following:

  1. Learning Outcomes 1 and 2 to be submitted on week 6 for formative assessment and learning outcomes 3 on week 9.
  1. Case studies has been designed to cover individual learning outcome:
  • Case Study 1. Covers for LO 1.1, 1.2 &1.3.
  • Case Study 2. Covers for LO2.1, 2.2, 2.3 &2.4
  • Case Study 3. Covers for LO 3.1, 3.2 & 3.3

 N: B. Your essay structure is a combination of academic and vocational writing, with a strong reflective account to be embedded into context covering LO1s, LO2s and LO3s.

Additional source(s) of information for completing each task can be found in the attached case studies.

Assessment and grading criteria

PASS GRADECONTEXTULISED MERIT GRADECONTEXTULISED DISTINCTION GRADE
In order to achieve a pass in this unit, all learning outcomes and associated assessment criteria must be metIn order to achieve a merit in this unit, pass requirements and all merit grade descriptors stated here must be achievedIn order to achieve a distinction in this unit, all pass and merit requirements and distinction descriptors must be achieved
 1.1 Review systems, policies and procedures for communicating information on health and safety in the health and social care workplace in accordance with legislative requirements 

M3 Present and communicate appropriate findings using a range of methods of presentation.

Use an appropriate structure for the communication and monitoring process

D3 Demonstrate convergent, lateral and creative thinking when evaluating your responsibilities within the organisation for communicating information on health, safety and security for service users
 1.2 Assess the responsibilities in a specific health and social care workplace for the management of health and safety in relation to organisational structureM1- Identify and apply strategies to find appropriate solutions for assessing responsibilities for health and safety in the workplace. Make effective judgements as to how health and safety policies and practices are monitored and reviewed by a care organisationD1- Use critical reflection to evaluate your own contribution to ensuring health and safety in a workplace, and justify your conclusions.
 1.3 Analyse health and safety priorities appropriate for a specific health and social care workplace
2.1 Analyse how information from risk assessment informs care planning for individuals and organisational decision making about policies and proceduresM2- Select, design and apply appropriate methods and techniques for presenting a range of sources of information to support the Risk Assessment and Care Plan
2.2 Analyse the impact of one aspect of health and safety policy on health and social care practice and its customersD3 Demonstrate convergent, lateral and creative thinking when evaluating your responsibilities within the organisation for communicating information on health, safety and security for service users
2.3-Discuss how dilemmas encountered in relation to implementing systems and policies for health, safety and security may be addressedD2- Demonstrate autonomy and independence for planning, managing and organising your workload within a team. Propose realistic improvements for the organisation and yourself in addressing dilemmas encountered
2.4-Analyse the effect of non-compliance with health and safety legislation in a health and social care workplaceM3 Present and communicate appropriate findings using a range of methods of presentation.

Use an appropriate structure for the monitoring process

3.1-Explain how health and safety policies and practices are monitored and reviewedM2- Select, design and apply appropriate methods and techniques for presenting a range of sources of information relating to the monitoring and reviewing of Health and Safety policies and practices. Make effective judgements as to how health and safety policies and practices are monitored and reviewed by a care organisationD2- Demonstrate autonomy and independence for planning, managing and organising your workload within a team with logical conclusion reached.
3.2-Analyse the effectiveness of health and safety policies and practices in the workplace in promoting a positive, healthy and safe culture
3.3-Evaluate own contributions to placing the health and safety needs of individuals at the centre of practiceM1- Identify and apply strategies to find appropriate solutions for assessing responsibilities for health and safety in the workplace. Make effective judgements as to how health and safety policies and practices are monitored and reviewed by a care organisation

 

D1- Use critical reflection to evaluate your own contribution to ensuring health and safety in a workplace, and justify your conclusions.

Propose realistic improvements for the organisation and yourself in addressing dilemmas encountered

Appendix 1- Case Study 1 for Learning Outcome 1

CASE STUDY 1 for LO1 

North Staffordshire Combined Healthcare NHS Trust

The board found itself facing service improvement targets. Using new corporate and clinical guidance, it set about taking a ‘whole systems’ approach to managing corporate risk, giving one of its director’s responsibility for the leadership of health and safety for the first time. Health and safety was also made a key item on the board agenda.

This has resulted in a much better integrated health and safety management system that increases the opportunity to identify and manage all corporate risks, and a much more open culture, improving reporting and monitoring. The board actively promotes a culture that gives staff the confidence to report incidents. This has resulted in:

  • incidence rates reduced by 16% over two years;
  • Insurance premiums reduced by 10%.
L01

understand how health and safety legislation is implemented in the health and social care workplace

1.1Review systems, policies and procedures which the new director need to implement to ensure that information on health and safety is properly communicated in accordance with legislative requirements.
1.2 Based on the case study assess the responsibilities for managing health and safety in the North Staffordshire combined NHS Trust.
1.3 Select one service area in the above trust (e.g. surgical, medical, elderly, children), and analyse the health and safety priorities for the service chosen.

 (Opportunity to meet M1 M3 D1 & D3) 

Sources of information for LO1.1, 1.2 & 1.3:

Systems, policies and procedures for communicating information exemplar: pro formas; training; organisational culture; use of different media; exchange of information; record keeping; enforcement; compliance.

Responsibilities for management of health and safety: organisational responsibilities (Employers; employees; external agencies; visitors eg users of service, carers); monitoring and evaluating processes; auditing; inspecting the workplace; management structure and representation.

Legislative requirements current legislation, regulations and codes of practice relevant to health and safety in health and social care settings eg Health and Safety at Work Act 1974,

Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981, Business Management of Health and Safety Regulations1999, Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995, Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002, Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992, Watch More : Business Employability Skills Assignment Help

Food Safety Act 1990, Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995, Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992, Health and Social Care Act 2008, Care Standards Act 2000, Mental Health Act 2007, Disability Discrimination Act 1995, Mental Health Act 2007, Children Act 2004

Implementation: safety aids e.g. walking aid, wheelchair, and hoist; security systems eg door locks, Cameras, gates, alarms, patrol; maintenance e.g. ventilation, temperature control, buildings;

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is warning health and social care employers to ensure that risk assessments are carried out to determine the suitability of equipment used in everyday tasks.

The warning follows an incident that occurred on 25th March 2006 in the Elderly Directorate of Moseley Hall Hospital. Two auxiliary nurses were transferring 90-yr old Alice Belle from a commode to a bed, using a large sling and a battery-operated lifting hoist, when she fell from the sling to the floor and died at the scene.

HSE’s investigation found that neither the hoist nor sling was defective but that the patient had slipped from the sling as it was too large. A coroner’s verdict, in September 2007, was recorded as ‘accidental death to which neglect contributed’.

South Birmingham Primary Care Trust was fined a total of £20,000 and ordered to pay costs of £17,500 at Birmingham Crown Court, on 1st December, 2008, after pleading guilty to breaching section 3(1) of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974.

HSE investigating inspector Amanda James said:

A B was a frail and vulnerable 90-yr old for whom the large sling, used at the time of the accident, was unsuitable. The moving and handling risk assessment, in place at the time, did not specify which sling should be used for the patient. A suitable risk assessment, carried out by competent staff, would have identified and recorded the appropriate type and size of sling and this should then have been communicated to all staff involved in moving and handling the patient.

“South Birmingham Primary Care Trust failed in its duty by exposing the patient to grave risk. It is essential to ensure that all equipment, including hoists and slings, is appropriate for the individual being moved or handled. It is also vital that professional careers and nursing staff receive adequate information, instruction and training in the correct selection and safe use of that equipment.”

In a three-year period, from April 2004 to April 2007, HSE and local authorities received reports of approximately 92 incidents involving falls to patients or service-users, in the health and social care sector, where a hoist or sling was involved.

Judge Bill Davis QC, in summing-up, said: “Those who are most vulnerable need the most careful care and by pleading guilty the PCT accepted that, in this case, they didn’t give proper care.”

  1. Section 3(1) of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 states: “It shall be the duty of every employer to conduct his undertaking in such a way as to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that persons not in his employment who may be affected thereby are not thereby exposed to risks to their health or safety”.In this instance, patients were ‘non-employees’ who were put at risk by South Birmingham PCT’s failure to have a safe system of work in relation to:
    1. Selecting the correct size and type of sling to be used to lift patients; and
    2. Identifying the correct type and size of sling to be used for each task for patients in their records and effectively communicating the same to its employees.
  2. Further information on managing risks in the healthcare sector can be found at
L02

understand the ways in which health and safety requirements impact on customers and the work of practitioners in the health and social care workplace

2.1 Based on the case study 2, analyse how information from risk assessments would assist care planning for individuals and organisational decision making about policies and procedures which would avoid incidents similar to the one given in the study.
2.2 Analyse the impact on health and safety policy on lifting and handling in health and social care practice and on the care users in the organisation given in the study.
2.3 Discuss the dilemmas care workers will encounter in carrying out health and safety policies and procedures.
2.4Aanalyse the effects of non-compliance with health and safety legislation in a health and social care workplace.

An opportunity to achieved M2 M3 D2 & D3

 Essay word count total 1000 words.

Further reading for LO2s to download the following materials free:

The Guide to the Handling of People – a systems

approach (Sixth edition) Back Care 2011

ISBN 978 0 9530 5281 3

Back in work – Back pack 22 June 2010

www.nhsemployers.org/HealthyWorkplaces/MSDs/

Pages/Backinwork-backpack.aspx

Managing medical devices

DB2006 (05) Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency 6 November

2006

Appendix 3- Case Study 3 for LO3

Case Study 3 for LO3

The task

A newly built hospital had received reports from the nurses that the carpets made the mobile patient hoist far too difficult to manoeuvre. As a result the nurses stopped using the hoists.

Assessing the risk

The nurses identified that the carpets were an important risk factor in the task. When a patient was occupying the hoist, the wheels sank into the carpet, making it difficult to move. The hoist’s wheels were made from rubber, which is suitable for smooth and/or hard floors.

The solution

Consulting with the supplier they found it was possible to change the wheels of the hoist to a type that is more suited for use on carpets such as polyurethane. The required force to manoeuvre the hoist was reduced by approximately 40% due to the new wheels. The hoists were now used when necessary for moving patients.

Other solutions were also suggested to eliminate or reduce the risk, these were:

  • Replacing the new carpets – this was a very expensive solution so attention focused on the hoist.
  • Another option considered was to increase the wheel size, as this also would reduce the required force, but in this case this was not possible due to the hospital beds clearance range.

Study the case study 3, for class discussion.

L03

understand the monitoring and review of health and safety in the health and social care workplace

3.1Based on the information given in the document explain how health and safety practices are monitored and reviewed.
3.2 Analyse the effectiveness of Health and Safety policies and practices in the workplace in promoting a positive health and safety culture.
3.3 Evaluate own contribution in placing health and safety needs of individuals at the centre of your practice.

An opportunity to M1 M2 D1 & D2 

Sources of information for LO3

Please follow this link to the above given case study:

http://www.hse.gov.uk/msd/healthservice.htm

Monitor and review: audit of risks; review of practice; learning from experience; updating of Policies and procedures.

Positive health and safety culture: individuals; teams; managers; organisational levels

Own contributions: responsibilities; compliance; training; practices; interactions with individuals, groups and agencies.

Essay word count total 1000 words.

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