Dimension of Physical and mental health

Dimension of Physical and mental health


Mental and physical health is fundamentally linked and there are multiple associations are persisting between the chronic physical condition and the mental health. These factors are directly creating an impact on the demand for healthcare, people’s quality of life and the other public funded services. In this case, often-social determent can create an impact on the mental health and the chronic physical conditions. The current essay is based on the case study of Mary, who is suffering from an altered mood condition. In addition, she also faces a lack of motivation to complete her daily activities.  However, currently family does not admit her to the hospital due to the reluctance of Mary to seek medical attention.

The conception of mental health and mental illness

The World health organisation defines “health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (cmha.ca, 2018)’.  It has been also stated that mental health is a vital element, which sustains the status of well being, where an individual can cope up with the normal stress of life. Through this, they can make a positive contribution within the community.

In Australia, several biomedical approaches are available to treat the health-related issues and mental illness is termed as mental ill health in Australia. A-tjak et al. (2015), commented that the state of the mental, emotional, physical and behavioural disorder can create an adverse impact on the emotional and social condition. Hence  schomerus et al. (2016) commented that treatment of mental illness is primarily dependent upon the severity of the illness types. On the other hand, Corrigan, Druss & Perlick (2014) commented that there are two different aspect of treatment, where one is Psychological therapy and the other one is physical treatment.

In order to facilitate the treatment process, the stigma is a complex construct that includes self, public and structural components. These things directly create an impact on the mental illness as well as provider network, support system and the community resources.  The mental health and mental illness are not the similar terms but the differentiate belief of the people often hampers the quality of long-term well being.


Dimension of Physical and mental healthThe relationship between mental health and physical health

It also depicts the worse condition in the self-perceived health. Triguero-Mas et al. (2015) commented that physical health condition and depression are distinct but they have an addictive impact on the well-being. For instance, a combination of depression and the heart disease can reduce the social interaction status of the people. On the other hand, the physical problem can complicate the treatment process. O’neil et al. (2014) have commented on the role of habitual diet in the development of depressive disorders.

In the current case study, Mary is physically well, where no presence of severe medical issues. Hence the current symptoms are related to the inability to cope up with the family environment. She is facing difficulties to sleep, eat and maintain the personal hygiene. Now she needs therapeutic counselling for personal hygiene, a healthy diet and enough rest. In this case, the medical practitioners have to understand the impact of both current and existing physical health issues, which can increase the chance of anxiety.

Comprehensive understanding of the personal

Hence the feeling of sadness is a significant part of daily life. In this case, sadness also may lead to severe trauma, which can hamper the patients’ daily life needs. As commented by Gu et al. (2015), people often cannot cope up with the environmental issues. In this case, depression can be characterised through persisting feelings. A depressed person can feel signs and symptom in relation to fatigue, sadness, mood swing, guiltiness and difficulties to take a proper decision (Triguero-Mas et al., 2015). As per this mentioned status, Mary is also suffering from similar issues but there is no occurrence of physical health issues.

However, her current mental health issues are posing risk to her overall well-being. In this case, health care professionals have to work collaboratively to facilitated person-centred care for Mary. The respective right and choice of the patient need to be maintained. Since through this individuals’ autonomy, well being and empowerment can be secured in the mental health care setting.

Mental Requirement for Mary

In this case, both family and healthcare support will be effective to help marry to recover from server mental illness condition. This support can identify the strength of the current intervention planning, which can be effective to mitigate the issues in mental well being. In the clinical practice, person-centred care attributes can be effective to empower the undertaken health assessments.  Every assessment needs to be conducted through understanding the severity of mental illness of Mary.

Therefore  as commented by A-tjak et al., (2015) antidepressants have an effect on the brain hormone secretion, called serotonin. Therefore, it can be said that the termination of such medicine can because of current mental health condition. Through the support of the psychological and counselling therapy, proper medication needs to be provided to Mary. Hence It has been also identified that Mary belongs to the local church, therefore she might prefer the angle of spirituality in the healthcare process. Therefore, incorporation of spiritual care will be effective here to enhance patient’s well being and health.

The nursing implication for practice

Nursing process in the mental health care setting is always related to the patient’s involvement in decision-making. It is also effective to support the patient to adjust to the community environment in the status of the severe issue. Therefore nurses can create significant role here to advocate and create awareness of mental illness. Through proper awareness, both family members and the community members can take the proper supportive initiative to deal with such patients.

They with understand the difference between the mental health and the mental illness. In this case, the standard of Australian government needs to be followed for taking significant action on person-centred care. Mental health professionals have to play a vital role to maintain the standard of ethical practice (Knapen et al., 2015). Through this, the different need of the Mary can be properly prioritised in a clinical setting. Through the application of this standard and significant roles, the reluctance of Mary towards care can be minimised.


Since it has been identified that dysfunction can be arising from serious mental illness, which has an impact on the four specific fundamental spheres of human psychology.  However, if such medication stopped suddenly, the side effect will be visualised in the hormonal balance. The patient always should consult with the doctor before taking such a decision to stop any medication.



A-tjak, J. G., Davis, M. L., Morina, N., Powers, M. B., Smits, J. A., & Emmelkamp, P. M. (2015). A meta-analysis of the efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy for clinically relevant mental and physical health problems. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics84(1), 30-36. Retrieved on 21 September 2018. Retrieved from: http://www.actcursus.nl/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/A-Tjak-2015-A-Meta-Analysis-of-the-Efficacy-of-Acceptance-and-Commitment-Therapy-for-Clinically-Relevant-Mental-and-Physical-Health-Problems.pdf

Clement, S., Schauman, O., Graham, T., Maggioni, F., Evans-Lacko, S., Bezborodovs, N., … & Thornicroft, G. (2015). What is the impact of mental health-related stigma on help-seeking? A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies. Psychological medicine45(1), 11-27. Retrieved on 21 September 2018. Retrieved from: http://cahealthequity.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Impact-of-mental-health-related-stigma.pdf

cmha.ca (2018). Connection-Between-Mental-And-Physical-Health.  Retrieved on 21 September 2018. Retrieved from: http://ontario.cmha.ca/documents/connection-between-mental-and-physical-health/

Corrigan, P. W., Druss, B. G., & Perlick, D. A. (2014). The impact of mental illness stigma on seeking and participating in mental health care. Psychological Science in the Public Interest15(2), 37-70. Retrieved on 21 September 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Deborah_Perlick/publication/279239872_The_Impact_of_Mental_Illness_Stigma_on_Seeking_and_Participating_in_Mental_Health_Care/links/55d4a28208aef1574e9756aa/The-Impact-of-Mental-Illness-Stigma-on-Seeking-and-Participating-in-Mental-Health-Care.pdf

Gu, J., Strauss, C., Bond, R., & Cavanagh, K. (2015). How do mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction improve mental health and wellbeing? A systematic review and meta-analysis of mediation studies. Clinical psychology review37, 1-12. Retrieved on 21 September 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/polopoly_fs/1.588515!/file/Guetal2015.pdf

Knapen, J., Vancampfort, D., Moriën, Y., & Marchal, Y. (2015). Exercise therapy improves both mental and physical health in patients with major depression. Disability and rehabilitation37(16), 1490-1495. Retrieved on 21 September 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Davy_Vancampfort/publication/267738670_Exercise_therapy_improves_both_mental_and_physical_health_in_patients_with_major_depression/links/5459e1b60cf2cf516483ee7f/Exercise-therapy-improves-both-mental-and-physical-health-in-patients-with-major-depression.pdf


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