CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF DYSLEXIA A LEARNING DIFFICULTY

Learning means acquiring new or modifying or enhancing existing skills, values, knowledge, preference or behaviour by means of synchronising information. Learning is a process where what is already known is built up on and given a shape

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CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF DYSLEXIA A LEARNING DIFFICULTY

INTRODUCTION: 

CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF DYSLEXIA A LEARNING DIFFICULTY

Learning means acquiring new or modifying or enhancing existing skills, values, knowledge, preference or behaviour by means of synchronising information. Learning is a process where what is already known is built up on and given a shape.

Human learning occurs as part of personal development, school, training or education. The study that states how learning occurs is included in neuropsychology, learning theory and educational psychology. It may be possible that learning occurs due to classical conditioning or habituation, and with or without conscious awareness.

As opined by Levete (2007), learning difficulty affects the way a person learns. It may not be just pertaining to school but could be from any area of life. It affects the way a person understands information provided and how they communicate their own thoughts and feelings. The difficulties may involve understanding complex or new information, learning new skills, independent coping of situations and occurrences, etc.

Learning difficulty is a general term that is used for varied conditions with diversified symptoms and severities. Dyslexia is a well recognised name, while the lesser known ones include Asperger’s Syndrome, Dyspraxia, etc.

KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF DYSLEXIA:

A brain based type of learning difficulty that specifically affects an individual’s ability to read is Dyslexia. These individuals typically possess the ability to read at a significantly lower level of expectation even though they possess normal intelligence. As suggested by Moragne (1997), although Dyslexia varies from individual to individual, its common characteristics include phonological processing, difficulty with spelling and rapid responding both visual and verbal.

Some early symptoms that can be later diagnosed as Dyslexia include letter reversal, mirror writing, delay in speech and easy distraction by noises in the surrounding.

The later age symptoms includes poor spelling ability, difficulty identifying or creating rhyming words, phonological awareness, segmentising words into individual sounds, blending of sounds to form words, etc. Some other symptoms are inability to guess whole words, and the tendency to add or omit words or letters while reading or writing.

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