Authentic Learning For The 21st Century
LEARNING AND COGNITION
This ASSIGNMENT consists of THREE parts:
Part A: (10%) – 5 pages
Read the article “Authentic Learning for the 21st Century: An Overview” by Marilyn M. Lombardi and answer the following questions:
- a) What are the elements of authentic learning? – 2 pages (3%)
- b) How would you apply authentic learning in the subject you teach? – 3 pages (7%)
Part B: (20%) – 8 pages
Read the article “How Children Learn” by Stella Vosniado and answer the following questions:
- a) What is the role of prior knowledge in learning? – 2 page (5%)
- b) How would you emphasize understanding rather than memorization? – 3 pages (7%)
- c) How would you engage children in self-regulation? – 3 pages (8%)
Part C: (30%) – 10-11 pages
The application of learning theories in the classroom aims to increase student performance, motivation, and learning. Using appropriate learning theories; teachers, lecturers or trainers will find it easier to teach, as students are engaged in more meaningful, interesting, and motivating work.
Write an essay on the application of COGNITIVISM in the classroom. The classroom could be in the primary school, secondary school, seminar room/lecture hall in higher education, training session in industry, business, military, or any other organization.
Give specific examples of how the principles of cognitivism may be applied in enhancing learning in the classroom.
This assignment provides an opportunity for you to bring together all the skills, knowledge, and processes you have learned about COGNITIVISM in this course towards application in the classroom.
- Avoid copying sentences from the learning materials. If you do, marks will be deducted. Use your own words and do not be afraid to give your own opinion.
- You need to write the references at the end of your essay.
- Use New Times Roman Font with 12 size font.
- SUBMIT ALL THREE PARTS IN ONE FILE (Do not submit separately)
- Make sure you have a softcopy of your Assignment safely stored. END OF QUESTION PAPER NOTE the following:
- A) Plagiarism in all forms is forbidden. Students who submit plagiarised assignments will be penalized.
- i) What is Plagiarism?
Any written assignment (essays, projects, take-home exams, etc) submitted by a student must not be deceptive regarding the abilities, knowledge, or amount of work contributed by the student. There are many ways that this rule can be violated. Among them are:
Paraphrases: The student paraphrases a closely reasoned argument of an author without acknowledging that he or she has done so. (Clearly, all our knowledge is derived from somewhere, but detailed arguments from clearly identifiable sources must be acknowledged.)
Outright plagiarism: Large sections of the paper are simply copied from other sources, and are not acknowledged as quotations.
Other sources: often include essays written by other students or sold by unscrupulous organizations. Quoting from such papers is perfectly legitimate if quotation marks are used and the source is cited.
Works by others: Taking credit deliberately or not deliberately for works produced by another without giving proper acknowledgment. Works include photographs, charts, graphs, drawings, statistics, video-clips, audio-clips, verbal exchanges such as interviews or lectures, performances on television, and texts printed on the web.
The student submits the same essay to two or more courses.
- ii) How can I avoid Plagiarism?
Insert quotation marks around the ‘copy and paste’ clause, phrase, sentence, paragraph, and cite the original source.
Paraphrase clause, phrase, sentence, or paragraph in your own words and cite your source
Adhere to the APA (American Psychological Association) stylistic format, whichever applicable, when citing a source and when writing out the bibliography or reference page
Attempt to write independently without being overly dependent on information from another’s original works
Educate yourself on what may be considered as common knowledge (no copyright necessary), a public domain (copyright has expired or not protected under copyright law), or copyright (legally protected).
- B) Documenting Sources
Whenever you quote, paraphrase, summarise, or otherwise refer to the work of another, you are required to cite its original source documentation. Offered here are some of the most commonly cited forms of material.
Direct Simply having a thinking skill is no assurance that children will use it. In order for such skills to become part of day-to-day behavior, they must be cultivated in an environment that values and sustains them. “Just as children’s musical skills will likely lay fallow in an environment that doesn’t encourage music, learner’s thinking skills tend to languish in a culture that doesn’t encourage thinking” (Tishman, Perkins, and Jay, 1995:5).
Indirect According to Wurman (1988), the new disease of the 21stcentury will be information anxiety, which has been defined as the ever-widening gap between what one understands and what one thinks one should understand.
All sources that you cite in your paper should be listed in the Reference section at the end of your paper. Here’s how you should do your Reference.
From a Journal DuFour, R. (2002). The learning-centered principal: Educational Leadership, 59(8). 12-15.
From an Online Journal Evnine, S. J. (2001). The universality of logic: On the connection between rationality and logical ability [Electronic version]. Mind, 110, 335-367.
From a Webpage National Park Service. (2003, February 11). Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site. Retrieved February 13, 2003, from http://www.nps.gov/abli/
From a Book Naisbitt, J. and Aburdence, M. (1989). Megatrends 2000. London: Pan Books.
From an Article in a Book
Nickerson, R. (1987). Why teach thinking? In J. B. Baron & R.J. Sternberg (Eds).Teaching thinking skills: Theory and practice. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company. 27-37.
From a Printed Newspaper Holden, S. (1998, May 16). Frank Sinatra dies at 82: Matchless stylist of pop. The New York Times, pp. A1, A22-A23.