Definition Of Vocabulary Development
This chapter entails the research about the vocabulary development among students. It has also covered the methods which are useful in building and developing the vocabulary.
2.1 Definition of Vocabulary Development:
Nation (1990) described the reason why researchers are interested in studying and exploring the term vocabulary. He said that due to L2 acquisition among the people there is a high need of investigation of the area of vocabulary. Therefore, L1 is a language which a person acquires from his/her mother tongue, while L2 is the second language of people. As it is difficult to learn the second language, the researcher’s interest is keenly drawn on this topic. There are basically two types of difficulties which learners usually have. These are productive and receptive. Both of these difficulties arise from an insufficient vocabulary. Learners possess such difficulties during the process of learning vocabulary even if they are at greater level of language performance and competence.
Oxford (1990) discussed that self-direction of learners can be happen if there is an encouragement backed by language development strategies. Therefore, self-directed learners are those who act as independent learners who aim to gain knowledge for their own learning. Such involved learners achieve more proficiency and confidence in this area. The researcher also claimed that vocabulary development strategies are a portion of language development strategies and this eventually becomes a portion of general development strategies.
Gu and Johnson (1996) identified that most of the research has been done on the strategies which can help to learn vocabulary. They discovered that vocabulary is the essence of a language and it is a key to learn a language for learners. Words construct the language and without words one cannot convey the message. There is a great importance of L2 for the researchers. L2 is a second language and it needs a special attention so that it can reduce the difficulties encountered in the process of learning and developing vocabulary. In order to reduce the difficulties, a number of techniques and methods are introduced to teach and develop vocabulary.
According to LessardClouston (1997), vocabulary development strategies are defined as the behaviors and thoughts which engage him/her during the course of learning. And these thoughts deliberately influence the learner’s encrypting process. Later on, LessardCloustan (1997) defined the vocabulary development more expressly and said that the progression of learner’s information depends solely on the learner’s behavior. These definitions reflect the cognitive science as in its basic assumptions that information is processed by human beings and so learning requires this type of information processing ability. Developing strategies is all about learning and it is beyond the boundaries of context and content. These strategies are exercised in teaching science, languages, mathematics, history, geography and other courses in formal and informal settings.